A comprehensive literature review is important to contextualize any study in terms of what is currently known, and identify gaps in knowledge. Literature reviews guide research development by looking at the entirety of the evidence that has been gathered on a subject.
Your Literature review should tell the reader the major achievements, main areas of debate, and outstanding research questions about your chosen topic.
Helpful steps in the process:
1. Identify databases to search (Which databases will produce the most useful results?)
2. Identify keywords/indexed terms that relate to your chosen topic
3. Find similarly focused reviews to see what sources THEY used
4. Read articles & take notes
5. Analyze/synthesize findings
6. Organize your review
Can be organized by:
7. Find a target journal for publication & identify their requirements (this can help you tailor how you write)
8. Write! Summarize! Evaluate! Address inconsistencies in your findings!
9. Review your review (using such questions as):
Why do a new review if others have done a similar review in the past?
Your review can: